- Georgia lies in the southeastern United States and its culture reflects the key role this state has played in the development of the region. The state can be split into three general regions: the northern, southern and central Georgia. The northern region of the state can further be separated into eastern and western areas. Northeastern Georgia is referred to as the highlands. It contains a portion of the Chattahoochee National Forest and Cohutta Wilderness, as well as several state parks. Other areas of interest to outdoor enthusiasts include Lake Altoona, Carter's Lake and Lake Conasauga. Four navigable rivers exist in the region for boating, swimming and fishing.
Copyright: USDA Forest Service
Lake Winfield Scott
Northeastern Georgia is well known for its rural mountain character. The area contains several waterfalls, most of the Chattahoochee National Forest and six navigable lakes. The Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area lies in this region and extends into Atlanta. It preserves a 48-mile stretch of the river.
Central Georgia is split into three sections by the tourism board of the state: Presidential Pathways, Historic Heartland and the Classic South. The Presidential Pathways region lies on the western border of the state. It contains Franklin D. Roosevelt State Park, where the president spent many vacations, and Jimmy Carter National Historic Site in Plains. This is a rural area where agriculture is the main economic support.
The Historic Heartland area lies immediately south of Atlanta and is characterized by peach orchards and historic sites. The area contains Ocmulgee National Monument and National Forest maintaining sites of native Americans and natural history. The Classic South region is bordered by the Savannah River in the east. It is the northeastern portion of the agricultural plain that comprises the cotton belt in the state. Here you'll find historic plantation houses restored to their Antebellum grandeur.
The southwestern region of the state is known as the Plantation Trace region. It is dissected by the Flint River and contained by the Chattahoochee River in the west. The area is characterized by rural communities, agricultural plains and Victorian architecture.
The Magnolia Midlands lie between Interstates 75 and 16. This area contains several farms producing the famous sweet vidalia onion. The midlands are primarily rural and contain ten rivers that support various recreation opportunities.
Coastal Georgia contains an interesting array of public beaches, national wildlife refuges and state parks. Also on the coast is Cumberland Island National Seashore, Fort Pulaski National Monument and Fort Frederica National Monument. The Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge and Wilderness Area, in this region, preserves nearly 400,000 acres for wildlife habitat.
Recreation - Recreation in Georgia is as varied as the population and terrain. A plethora of waterways through the state and along the coast provide access to water-oriented activities. The natural areas throughout the state have varied hiking and camping facilities.
Climate - Georgia has a warm climate, especially in the southern regions of the state. The northern mountains may be slightly cooler than the rest of the state. Summer temperatures are hot with averages for July and August surpassing 90 degrees F. Lows during this season dip slightly into the seventies. Fall is the driest season of the year with warm temperatures through September. October begins to cool with lows near 55 degrees F and highs around 70 degrees F. Winter temperatures are mild with highs near 55 degrees F and lows near freezing. Spring weather is pleasant with highs near 65 degrees F and lows near 50. The highest amount of rainfall occurs during the winter and spring months. High humidity levels occur during the spring and summer months.
Georgia is located in the southeast United States, bordering Florida, South Carolina, Tennessee and Alabama.