Description - Kukaniloko Birthstones is one of the most significant cultural sites on O'ahu. The site lies in central O'ahu within the central upland plateau, between the Wai'anae and Ko'olau mountain ranges. These cool uplands were a place where cheifs were born, where famed chiefs lived, and where key battles for control of O'ahu were fought.
The significanceof this site was recognized in the listing of the site on the National and Hawai'i register of Historic Place. A 5-acre parcel encompassing the site was acquired by the State of Hawai'i in 1992 and placed under the jurisdiction of the State Parks to preserve and interpret .
Beginning with the birth of Kapawa, Kukaniloko became recognized as the royal birthsite on O'ahu. Based on genealogical records, the dates of Kapawa's birth range from A.D. 1100 to A.D. 1400, but the date could be earlier. Kukaniloko remained a significant site for royal births into the late 1700's as seen by the efforts of Kamehameha I to have his successor, Liholiho, born at Kukaniloko in 1797.
- The monument protects and preserves numerous flat stones used for child birth by queens of the island. The site is marked by 180 stones covering an area of about 0.5 acre. Many of these stones have surface depressions and fluted edges with a coating of red dirt. These surfaces are probably a combination of natural weathering and human craftmanship over many generations. Today the stones lie in a forest of eucalyptus and coconut trees, surrounded by pineapple fields.
Recreation - This site lies in a beautiful natural area and provides opportunity for interpretation of the cultural sites and reflection.
Climate - The climate is pleasantly mild on O'ahu throughout the year. Temperatures vary annually between 60 and 90 degrees F. Summer temperatures range from 68 to 82 degrees F with the water usually near 80 degrees. Winter temperatures vary from 61 to 80 degrees F with the water temperature close to 77 degrees. More rainfall occurs during the winter than other seasons of the year and most of it falls on the northeastern or windward portion of the island.
Kukaniloko Birthstones State Monument lies in central O'ahu at the intersection of Kamehameha Highway and Whitmore Avenue on the north side of Wahiawa.