Description - Surrounded by development, the Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge is a protected environment offering a home to 250 species of birds and numerous other wildlife. The 45 miles of coastal area in Southern Maine is characterized by northern boreal forest and eastern deciduous forest.
Copyright: Patty Elton - Interactive Outdoors, Inc.
The Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge
- The refuge is comprised of ten separate divisions, stretching along 45 miles of coast between Portsmouth, New Hampshire and Portland, Maine. Refuge habitat is varied and unique as it lies within the transition zone of the northern boreal forest and eastern deciduous forest.
Many plant and animal species are at their northern or southern range limit. At least 250 species of birds have been recorded for Rachel Carson Refuge. Numerous other wildlife species including moose, deer, fisher, river otter, black bear and gray fox use refuge habitat.
Refuge property is surrounded by the highly developed towns of the southern Maine Coast, providing unique and often complex management challenges.
Recreation - Wildlife viewing including bird watching and nature photography is enjoyed on the refuge. Access on the refuge is restricted to certain areas. Visitors are encouraged to contact the refuge or come by the office in Wells. The trail, located at the headquarters, is open to the public every day, sunrise to sunset.
Climate - The year-round vacation spot of the Southern Maine Coast Region experiences daytime winter temperatures above 18 degrees Fahrenheit (-8 Celsius). Similar to the Greater Portland and Mid Coast Regions, summer daytime temperatures average a pleasant 68 degrees (20 Celsius) or slightly above. The region receives an average of 40 - 44 inches (102 - 112 centimeters) of precipitation each year.
The refuge is comprised of ten separate divisions, stretching along 45 miles of coast between Portsmouth, New Hampshire and Portland, Maine.