- The refuge is surrounded by land managed by the State as the Lonetree Wildlife Management Area. The state and refuge wildlife interests are managed as a cooperative effort.
The refuge is made up of two adjoining wetlands: Sheyenne Lake, a marsh, and Coal Mine Lake. The area has about 300 acres of dense nesting cover, 300 acres of open water (Coal Mine Lake) and 200 acres of excellent marsh (Sheyenne Lake).
Recreation - Fishing is allowed on Coal Mine Lake except during the waterfowl hunting season when the lake becomes a sanctuary. There is no hunting of any species allowed on the refuge.
Sheyenne Lake NWR is an easement refuge in northeast Sheridan County.