Description - This is a small east-coast state that contains diverse landforms and numerous historic sites. Although, thickly settled excellent highway systems allow visitors and residents to easily access natural areas of the state.
Copyright: National Park Service
Morristown National Historical Park
- Tucked between Pennsylvania, to the west, and New York, to the north and east, New Jersey occupies a small parcel of land along the Atlantic Ocean. Central eastern and southern regions of the state boast many barrier islands with wide, white sand beaches and towns that range from quiet villages to rowdy resorts. The Garden State Parkway provides access to the coastal regions of the state as it leads from north to south.
The Delaware River forms the state's western border with Pennsylvania. The southern reaches of the Delaware River Valley contain large parcels of natural areas in the interior of the state. Several wildlife management areas exist in southern New Jersey, as well as Belleplain, Wharton, Bass River and Lebanon State Forests. This area encompasses the rugged Pine Barrens region, that draws nature lovers from neighboring states. This is the least populated area of the state.
Northern New Jersey can be divided into eastern and western regions, with the western area being less populated. The Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area lies in this region along the New Jersey/Pennsylvania border. This region is steeped in Revolution Era history. Washington Crossing Historic Park north of Trenton and the Lambertville areas are both scenic and historic. Several large wildlife management areas and state forests and park in northwestern New Jersey serve the outdoor enthusiasts need for recreation in nature.
Northeastern regions of the state are thickly settled and dissected by highways. This region is separated from New York City by the Hudson River. The Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge preserves nearly 7,000 acres of the unique wetlands that cover a large portion of the region surrounding the Hudson River. Close to the Great Swamp is Morristown National Historical Park a Revolutionary War site. In the urban area of West Orange is Edison National Historic Site, where Thomas Edison established his laboratory and worked for 40 years.
Recreation - Recreation opportunities in New Jersey mirror the diversity in landscape. the coastal regions of the state provide access to a myriad of water sports. The Pine Barrens in the southern region of the state are a natural wonder with facilities for canoeing, hiking, tubing and camping. Northern New Jersey is great for scenic driving and touring historic sites.
Climate - This state's climate, especially the southeastern region, is affected by the large bodies of water that surround it. Temperatures vary slightly between the northern and southern regions of the state, with the southern coastal area being the warmest. Winter weather can reach the state as early as October and is usually in full force by late November. Winter temperatures average between 20 and 40 degrees F. Spring begins in mid to late March bringing warmer temperatures that reach into the mid 50s. By April the daytime highs often reach 65 degrees F with lows near 40 degrees F. Summer weather can be hot and humid and extends from late May to mid September. Temperatures often reach 95 degrees during this season with nighttime lows near 65 degrees. Fall weather is crisp with low humidity and average temperatures between 65 and 45 degrees F. Because areas in northeastern New Jersey are highly developed they often retain high temperature levels and do not cool as much at night. Precipitation levels in New Jersey are highest from March through August.
It is bordered on the north by New York, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the southwest by Delaware, and on the west by Pennsylvania. Parts of New Jersey lie within the metropolitan areas of New York, Philadelphia, and the Delaware Valley.