Description - Colonial troops commanded by Col. George Washington, then 22 years old, were defeated at Fort Necessity in the opening battle of the French and Indian War on July 3, 1754. The park includes the nearby monument to Maj. General Edward Braddock and the early 19th century Mount Washington Tavern and Jumonville Glen, site of the first skirmishes of the French and Indian War, May 28, 1754. A visitor center, picnic area and hiking trails offer an opportunity for individuals and groups to enjoy an afternoon of outdoor recreation and viewing an American historical attraction. The Battlefield is open to cross-country skiers in winter.
- Colonial troops commanded by Col. George Washington, then 22 years old, were defeated here in the opening battle of the French and Indian War on July 3, 1754. The park includes the nearby monument to Maj. General Edward Braddock and the early 19th century Mount Washington Tavern and Jumonville Glen, site of the first skirmishes of the French and Indian War, May 28, 1754.
Recreation - The main park unit contains the reconstructed Fort Necessity, the Visitor Center, the historic Mount Washington Tavern, a picnic area and hiking trails. In winter cross-country skiing is available on the trails, although they are not mechanically tracked or groomed.
The Mount Washington Tavern was originally built as a stagecoach stop for travelers along the National Road (1828-1855). The Braddock Grave Unit is approximately 1.5 miles west of Fort Necessity on US Route 40.
Jumonville Glen is approximately seven miles northwest of Fort Necessity. It is the site of Washington's first encounter with the French.
A Junior Ranger program is available to children ages 6 to 12 who may earn a patch and certificate by completing activity work sheets about the park. Children under 6 can earn a plastic badge and paper ranger hat. The program is available all year. Allow at least two hours. From mid-June through Labor Day, a variety of talks, tours and demonstrations are available at the fort, visitor center and Mount Washington Tavern. A complete schedule of daily activities is available at the visitor center.
The visitor center, fort reconstruction, picnic area and the first floor of the Mount Washington Tavern are all handicapped accessible.
Reservations for school groups or other educational groups are accepted by phone or mail throughout the year. Reservations should be made at least two weeks before the anticipated visit. All bona fide educational groups visiting the park for educational purposes are exempt from the park entrance fee. A fee waiver form will be mailed upon reservation.
Climate - Pennsylvania generally has a moist climate with cold winters and warm summers. The Fort Necessity area has cold winter months with temperatures averaging above 28 degrees Fahrenheit (above -2 degrees Celsius). The area's average summer temperatures range around 72 to 74 degrees Fahrenheit (22 to 23 Celsius).
From Uniontown in southwestern Pennsylvania, travel US 40 southeast about 5 - 7 miles to the National Battlefield.