- Mount Rushmore is a memorial to the birth, growth, preservation and development of the United States of America. Gutzon Borglum sculpted busts of Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln high in the Black Hills to represent the first 150 years of American history.
Copyright: National Park Service
Mount Rushmore National Memorial
The primary resource at Mount Rushmore is the granite sculpture itself, but also of interest is the Sculptor's Studio built under the direction of Sculptor Gutzon Borglum in 1939. Unique plaster models and tools related to the sculpting process are displayed in the studio. Other resources at the memorial include flora and fauna representative of the Black Hills environment and the unique geological formation of the mountain and adjacent peaks.
Recreation - Activities for visitors at this site include walking, viewing exhibits and touring historic structures. The Lincoln Borglum Visitor Center and Museum features over 20 exhibits on the sculptor, the workers, the carving and the presidents of Mt. Rushmore. Two theaters show the site's orientation film. The Mount Rushmore History Association operates a large bookstore at this location. The Information Center, located near the fee parking lot, offers temporary exhibits and an information desk.
For those visitor interested in spending the day outdoors the Presidential Trail leads along the base of the mountain offering outstanding views of the sculpture. This trail is handicapped accessible from the Visitor Center to the base of the mountain. There are many hiking trails and biking trails immediately outside of the memorial.
Climate - Warm days and cool nights are common in southern South Dakota during the summer, but July and August are typically hot. Moderate temperatures usually prevail in the winter months with temperatures reaching below zero. Afternoon thunderstorms in the summer may bring damaging hail and on occasion fog will obscure any view of the memorial. Snow may fall as early
as September and may last until mid-May.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial is located in Keystone, South Dakota. It is surrounded by the lands of the Black Hills National Forest. The site is accessible from Highway 16 and State Road 244.